Siemens SINEC NMS
ICSA： ICS Advisory (ICSA-21-257-14)
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 8.8
- ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
- Vendor: Siemens
- Equipment: SINEC NMS
- Vulnerabilities: Path Traversal, Cross-site Request Forgery
2. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to manipulate the SINEC NMS configuration by tricking an admin to click on a malicious link.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following versions of SINEC NMS are affected:
- SINEC NMS: All versions prior to v1.0 SP1
3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
An attacker with access to the web server of an affected system could download arbitrary files from the underlying filesystem by sending a specially crafted HTTP request.
The web interface of affected devices is vulnerable to a cross-site request forgery (CSRF) attack. This could allow an attacker to manipulate the SINEC NMS configuration by tricking an unsuspecting user with administrative privileges to click on a malicious link.
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Communications
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany
Siemens reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.
Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations users can apply to reduce risk:
- Update to v1.0 SP1 or later version.
- Do not access links from untrusted sources.
As a general security measure, Siemens strongly recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. In order to operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to Siemens’ operational guidelines for industrial security, and to follow the recommendations in the product manuals.
Additional information on industrial security by Siemens can be found at: https://www.siemens.com/industrialsecurity
For more information about this issue, please see Siemens Security Advisory SSA-330339
CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as its connected devices.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
CISA also recommends users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks:
- Do not click web links or open unsolicited attachments in email messages.
- Refer to Recognizing and Avoiding Email Scams for more information on avoiding email scams.
- Refer to Avoiding Social Engineering and Phishing Attacks for more information on social engineering attacks.
No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities.