Siemens SINEMA Server
ICSA： ICS Advisory (ICSA-21-257-12)
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 4.7
- ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
- Vendor: Siemens
- Equipment: SINEMA Server
- Vulnerability: Missing Authentication for Critical Function
2. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow an attacker to obtain encoded system configuration backup files.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following versions of SINEMA Server, a network monitoring and management software, are affected:
- SINEMA Server: All versions prior to v14 SP3
3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
Missing authentication for functionality requiring an administrative user identity could allow an attacker to obtain encoded system configuration backup files.
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany
Siemens reported this vulnerability to CISA.
Siemens recommends users update to v14 SP3 or later.
Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations users can apply to reduce the risk:
- Monitor and restrict network access to device Port 443/TCP and 80/TCP to trusted IP addresses.
- Add an allowed time window for system configuration backup download. This process will be an auxiliary to create a baseline and monitor for abnormal behavior.
As a general security measure, Siemens strongly recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. In order to operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to Siemens operational guidelines for industrial security and following the recommendations in the product manuals.
Additional information on industrial security by Siemens can be found at: https://www.siemens.com/industrialsecurity
For more information, see Siemens Security Advisory SSA-835377
CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as its connected devices.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.