Philips PageWriter TC10, TC20, TC30, TC50, and TC70 Cardiographs
ICSA： ICS Advisory (ICSMA-18-228-01)
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
CVSS v3 6.1
- ATTENTION: Low skill level to exploit
- Vendor: Philips
- Equipment: PageWriter TC10, TC20, TC30, TC50, TC70 Cardiographs
- Vulnerabilities: Improper Input Validation, Use of Hard Coded Credentials
2. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow buffer overflows, or allow an attacker to access and modify settings on the device.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following versions of PageWriter TC10, TC20, TC30, TC50, TC70 Cardiographs are affected:
- All versions prior to May 2018.
3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
The PageWriter device does not sanitize data entered by user. This can lead to buffer overflow or format string vulnerabilities.
An attacker with both the superuser password and physical access can enter the superuser password that can be used to access and modify all settings on the device, as well as allow the user to reset existing passwords.
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Healthcare and Public Health
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Netherlands
Philips reported these vulnerabilities to NCCIC.
Philips plans an update to correct these issues in a release scheduled for the second quarter of 2020.
Philips has also provided the following information regarding an operating system that is no longer supported by the operating system manufacturer:
- WinCE5 is an obsolete operating system, which is no longer supported by the operating system manufacturer and only applies to PageWriter TC20, TC30, TC50 and TC70.
- PageWriter TC50 and TC70 support WinCE7, which is available for download on InCenter by customers. Philips recommends replacing the TC20 and TC30 with the TC50 if customers are concerned about the obsolete operating system. For TC20, there will be an update to a supported operating system released by the second quarter of 2020.
Philips offers the following additional mitigation advice:
- Defense in depth
- Physical security is a foundational requirement
- For medical devices such as a PageWriter, controlling access to the system components provides key protection to the medical devices in the system.
- Physical security is a combination of policy, procedure and practice to control and monitor who has physical access.
- For medical devices, physical security provides multifactor authentication (the user physically must be at the device and provide something they know).
Philips’ contact information is available at the following location:
The Philips’ advisory is available at the following location (Link is external):
NCCIC reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
NCCIC also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT web page. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS-CERT website in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to NCCIC for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities. These vulnerabilities are not exploitable remotely.