Accuenergy Acuvim II Authentication Vulnerabilities
ICSA： ICS Advisory (ICSA-14-275-02)
This advisory was originally posted to the US-CERT secure Portal library on October 2, 2014, and is being released to the ICS-CERT web site.
Independent researcher Laisvis Lingvevicius has identified two authentication vulnerabilities within the Accuenergy AXM-NET Ethernet module’s web server. The AXM-NET Ethernet module is an accessory for the Acuvim II. Accuenergy has produced a firmware upgrade that mitigates these vulnerabilities. The researcher has tested the firmware to validate that it resolves the vulnerabilities.
These vulnerabilities could be exploited remotely.
The following Accuenergy Acuvim II accessory is affected:
- AXN-NET Ethernet module v.3.04
Impact to individual organizations depends on many factors that are unique to each organization. ICS-CERT recommends that organizations evaluate the impact of these vulnerabilities based on their operational environment, architecture, and product implementation.
Accuenergy is a Canada-based company that maintains offices in several countries around the world, including the United States, Canada, and China.
The affected product, Acuvim II, is a multifunction power metering device. The AXM-NET Ethernet module creates a web page to display data produced by the Acuvim II. According to Accuenergy, Acuvim II is deployed in the Energy sector. Accuenergy estimates that this product is used primarily in North America and China.
By accessing a specific uniform resource locator (URL) on the web server, a malicious user is able to access settings without authenticating. Accessible settings are limited, and include the network settings for the AXM-NET module web server, but not the Acuvim II device.
These vulnerabilities could be exploited remotely.
EXISTENCE OF EXPLOIT
No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities.
An attacker with a low skill would be able to exploit these vulnerabilities.
Accuenergy has produced a patch to mitigate these vulnerabilities. The patch can be downloaded at the following location:
ICS-CERT encourages asset owners to take additional defensive measures to protect against this and other cybersecurity risks.
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.
ICS-CERT also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT web page at http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/content/recommended-practices. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies. ICS-CERT reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available in the ICS‑CERT Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B—Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies, that is available for download from the ICS-CERT web site (www.ics-cert.org).
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to ICS-CERT for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
In addition, ICS-CERT recommends that users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks:
1. Do not click web links or open unsolicited attachments in email messages.
2. Refer to Recognizing and Avoiding Email Scamsg for more information on avoiding email scams.
3. Refer to Avoiding Social Engineering and Phishing Attacksh for more information on social engineering attacks.
- a. CWE-592: Authentication Bypass Issues, http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/592.html, web site last accessed October 30, 2014.
- b. NVD, http://web.nvd.nist.gov/view/vuln/detail?vulnId=CVE-2014-2373, NIST uses this advisory to create the CVE web site report.
- c. CVSS Calculator, http://nvd.nist.gov/cvss.cfm?version=2&vector=AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P, web site last accessed October 30, 2014.
- d. CWE-602: Client-Side Enforcement of Server-Side Security, http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/602.html, web site last accessed October 30, 2014.
- e. NVD, http://web.nvd.nist.gov/view/vuln/detail?vulnId=CVE-2014-2374, NIST uses this advisory to create the CVE web site report.
- f. CVSS Calculator, http://nvd.nist.gov/cvss.cfm?version=2&vector=AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P, web site last accessed October 30, 2014.
- g. Recognizing and Avoiding Email Scams, http://www.us-cert.gov/reading_room/emailscams_0905.pdf, web site last accessed October 30, 2014.
- h. National Cyber Alert System Cyber Security Tip ST04-014, http://www.us-cert.gov/cas/tips/ST04-014.html, web site last accessed October 30, 2014.